Saudi Arabia and Iran have reached an agreement that opens the way for the re-establishment of their diplomatic relationships after a seven-year split, which is a major realignment in the region facilitated by China.
A joint statement by Iran, Saudi Arabia and China says the initiative was proposed by China’s President Xi Jinping.
Based on the agreement, China will host and sponsor talks between Saudi Arabia and Iran.
Adhering to the principles and objectives of Charters of the United Nations and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), and International conventions and norms, the delegations from the two countries held talks during from 6-10 March 2023 in Beijing.
Saudi Arabia’s delegation was led by Musaad bin Mohammed Al-Aiban, Minister of State, Member of the Council of Ministers, and National Security Advisor. Iran’s delegation was led by Ali Shamkhani, Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The two sides expressed their appreciation and gratitude to the leadership and government of China for hosting and sponsoring the talks, and the efforts it placed towards its success, said the statement.
The three countries announced that an agreement has been reached between Saudi Arabia and Iran that includes an agreement to resume diplomatic relations between them and re-open their embassies and missions within a period not exceeding two months.
The agreement also includes Iran and Saudi Arabia’s affirmation of the respect for the sovereignty of states and the non-interference in internal affairs of states.
They agreed that the ministers of foreign affairs of both countries shall meet to implement this, arrange for the return of their ambassadors, and discuss means of enhancing bilateral relations.
They agreed to implement the Security Cooperation Agreement between them, which was signed on 22/1/1422 (H), corresponding to 17/4/2001, and the General Agreement for Cooperation in the Fields of Economy, Trade, Investment, Technology, Science, Culture, Sports, and Youth, which was signed on 2/2/1419 (H), corresponding to 27/5/1998, the statement said.
China, Iran and Saudi Arabia expressed their keenness to exert all efforts towards enhancing regional and international peace and security.